Reforestation of the Făgăraș Mountains in the Southern Carpathians of Romania
Romania is home to Europe's last virgin forests. However, illegal logging has been enormous in recent decades. For many years, the local organisation Agent Green has been fighting for the restoration and preservation of the forests. Therefore, they conclude contracts with landowners to reforest cleared forest areas. Agent Green has already been committed to environmental protection for eleven years and has a growing community.
With a donation of EUR 15,605.00, we supported the reforestation of one hectare with a number of 3,500 trees. Deciduous trees are planted at the lower levels and conifers belonging to the native plant population at about 1,800 - 2,000 metres. The forest is then to grow together naturally at the middle altitudes.
In order for the trees to survive, the NGO has adapted its maintenance programme. The newly planted forests will be watered, weeded and protected over the next seven years. It has been contractually agreed with the owner of the land, the Foundation Conservation Carpathia (FCC), that the young forests are under nature conservation and that only strictly regulated ecotourism is allowed. Otherwise, no capital may be made from the land.
In response to the high level of illegal logging, Agent Green has also been working on innovative concepts to protect the trees. Drones and sensors on the trees are designed to react to chainsaw noises and sound the alarm at an early stage. With this commitment, primeval forests that have been lost are gradually being restored. Romania still has about two thirds of the continent's last primeval forests - with their contribution to the climate, they can be called the lungs of Europe. The areas are also the habitat of numerous animal species and essential for biodiversity.
The plantations are carried out by Agent Green and volunteers. This has the positive effect of making the population more and more aware of the importance of the forest. The costs for planting and maintenance per tree are lower than in Western and Central Europe, so that many trees can be planted with relatively little investment.