Green avenues in the industrial city of Lukavac
In May 2019, the idea to help an industrially plagued town in Bosnia developed. The town of Lukavac is characterised by factories, some of which are located less than a kilometre from the town centre - the cement factory 900 metres away, the soda factory 970 metres away and the coal factory three kilometres away. The quality of air and life in the area is very poor and endangers people's health. Protest movements are forming in the city and people, young and old, are taking to the streets to express their despair at the unacceptable living conditions.
To counteract the enormous pollution, the Daniel Schlegel Umweltstiftung, in cooperation with the local authorities and landscape architect Anela Tokić, has implemented the extensive planting of trees along three streets in Lukavac. The main goals are to achieve improvements in the microclimate, urban cooling, action against industrial air pollution, fire barriers and aesthetic appeal. Planting activities started on site at the beginning of April. The work took place over four days and within this period 267 of the planned 503 seedlings were planted:
- 156 White poplars (Populus Alba)
- 110 Linden trees (Tilia Cordata)
- 1 East Asian cherry (Prunus Serrulata 'Kanzan')
The remaining 236 trees were sourced from neighbouring Serbia. However, due to the current situation around the coronavirus, outstanding deliveries have been delayed and work activities on site had to be postponed.
The final plantings finally took place in autumn 2020. Among them were:
- 17 Ash trees (Fraxinus excelsior 'Globosa')
- 60 Hanging birches (Betula pendula)
- 40 Columnar hornbeams (Carpinus betulus 'Fastigiata)
- 4 Evergreen magnolias (Magnolia grandiflora 'Gallisoniensis')
- 115 Red shining medlars (Photinia serrulata 'Red Robin')
For more stability and protection of the trees, a total of 1149 supporting timbers were also installed. The trees stand for an enormous increase in the urban quality of life and clean the polluted air.
More urban trees for Lukavac
After the first project in April 2020 and the cooperation with the city and CEE Tuzla had started so well, the decision was quickly made to directly initiate a follow-up project in Lukavac. Favourable locations for the planting of 145 additional trees were quickly identified on site. The procurement of the seedlings and the planting work took place in November 2020 despite difficult conditions due to the Corona pandemic.
Damaged plants were replaced and the existing urban green was selectively supplemented with native and resistant species in public areas. Various species were planted in car parks, in front of public buildings and in various housing blocks:
- 3 Lachrymose pines (Pinus excelsa)
- 6 Small-crowned ash trees (Fraxinus angustifolia 'Raywood')
- 7 Ash trees (Fraxinus excelsior 'Globosa')
- 28 Manna ash trees (Fraxinus ornus 'Meczek')
- 20 Ball maples (Acer platanoides 'Globosum')
- 29 East Asian cherry (Prunus Serrulata 'Kanzan')
- 23 Blue spruces (Picea pungens 'Glauca')
- 5 Colorado firs (Abies concolor)
- 5 Real bald cypresses (Taxodium distichum)
- 1 Magnolia (Magnolia sp.)
- 4 Tulip trees (Liriodendron tulipifera)
- 1 Amber tree (Liquidambar styraciflua)
- 10 Linden trees (Tilia Cordata)
- 3 Trumpet trees (Catalpa bignonioides)
Supporting timbers have been installed again to protect the trees and the saplings are regularly watered. Once the trees have grown further, they will make a valuable contribution to combating industrial air pollution in the city centre. The trees already beautify the cityscape with their considerable size of about 2.5 metres, which has led to extremely positive reactions from residents on social networks.